Feast of the Holy and Undivided Trinity


Numbers are very significant and important – so much of what we hear in each news bulletin these days alas.  Numbers are defined as ‘a mathematical object used to count, measure and label’.  I have to be honest and say that I am hopeless with numbers - give me words to play and work with any day!  However we cannot do without numbers.


As rich as our Ritual is in its poetic language, think of all the numerical references and significations within it.  The very layout of the Lodge, the opening questions and answers, the visible symbols, the time periods.  So many aspects of Masonry depend on numbers. 


The former definition, brief though it is, points to an important duality which can exist in relation to some numbers, an element which goes beyond a simple counting or measuring to a labelling – a greater meaning or significance.  As with our Ritual, in the Old Testament, the Israelites attached symbolic significance to numbers.  Indeed it has been said that when you encounter a number in the Old Testament in many cases it should not be taken in its literal sense at all, but rather a deeper meaning sought.  The same is of course often true of the Ritual.


To take some examples from the Bible, one (1) represents uniqueness or undivided wholeness.  The Shema of the Jews, taken from Deuteronomy 6, reads “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord”.  This confession not only acknowledges the uniqueness of the God of Israel, but also emphasises that there is no contradiction within him.


Seven (7) is the total of the numbers which represent heaven and earth and so speaks of completeness and perfection.  There were seven chief heavenly bodies known to the ancients – the sun, the moon and five planets; seven days of the week and the seventh day itself represented God’s complete work in creation.  Intriguingly in the whole of the Old Testament God is referred to by seven different names.  This is why lucky number seven is such a good number!


Ten (10) is simply a round number.  In his great work of creation we hear the words “and God said…” ten times, which correspond with the Ten Commandments.  The ten words of creation matched by ten measures to keep it in good order.  This happens to be the tenth Sunday reflection, so that’s a good place to be.


I could go on, but the final number that I want to consider is three (3).  Three is widely regarded as a divine number and many religions have triads of gods.  In the Bible the number three is rarely connected with God but rather suggests God’s presence.  The Temple itself was divided into three parts.  Time is divided into three parts: past, present and future and God is he who is, who was and who is to come.


In Christian terms we perhaps think of the Trinity, although we should probably more correctly think of the Trinity in association with the number one and not three!  Today is Trinity Sunday when the Church marks a turning point in the year, moving away from Advent, Christmas, Lent and Easter and into Ordinary Time.  A day on which we worship the mystery in unity of the Holy and undivided Trinity.  It is for today that the Provincial Church Service had been arranged and the symbol at the beginning of this reflection it that which I had chosen to appear on the cover page of the order of service.


When words and numbers fail to deliver we have to look to other means of expression and I am particularly taken by the above symbol.  The core symbol is a triquetra which is known to date back to the fourth Century BC, and is reflected in the Celtic triscell which may be more familiar – three equal, distinct segments, pointing in different directions yet forming part of a single unified whole.  Superimposed are the crown representing the kingdom of God the Father, the Cross of love and life of God the Son, and the dove of God the Holy Spirit descending and sanctifying.


Yet when it comes to speaking of God all words, numbers and symbols are ultimately inadequate, for God is beyond all expression.  These aids all help us on our way, and are valuable and important, but even as we journey in this life we can only attain so much knowledge and understanding, and have to remember and recognise the limitations of our gifts and the awesome, incomprehensible, mysterious, wonder of God who made us and sustains us.


This well-known hymn in praise of the Trinity acknowledges that the only proper response of the whole creation is to fall down and worship God.


Holy, Holy, Holy! Lord God Almighty!
Early in the morning our song shall rise to Thee;
Holy, Holy, Holy! Merciful and Mighty!
God in Three Persons, blessed Trinity!

Holy, Holy, Holy! All the saints adore Thee,
Casting down their golden crowns around the glassy sea;
Cherubim and seraphim falling down before Thee,
Which wert, and art, and evermore shalt be.

Holy, Holy, Holy! though the darkness hide Thee,
Though the eye of sinful man, thy glory may not see:
Only Thou art holy, there is none beside Thee,
Perfect in power in love, and purity.

Holy, holy, holy! Lord God Almighty!
All thy works shall praise thy name in earth, and sky, and sea;
Holy, Holy, Holy! merciful and mighty,
God in Three Persons, blessed Trinity!              


Reginald Heber (1783–1826).


I offer this prayer:


"O Lord God Almighty, eternal, immortal, invisible, the mysteries of whose being are unsearchable: accept we beseech thee our praises for the revelation which thou hast made of thyself, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, three persons, and one God; and mercifully grant that ever holding fast this faith we may magnify thy glorious name; who lives and reigns, one God, world without end."


So mote it be.


P.S. 1000 words appear in this reflection according to Word…!


Order of Service - St Elli Church 2020
We can't be together for the Provincial Church Service, but here is the Order of Service.
2020 Church Service v1.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [530.1 KB]

For Freemasons, for families, for everyone

The Masonic Charitable Foundation builds better lives by enabling opportunity, advancing healthcare and education and promoting independence for Freemasons, their families and the wider community.

Funded entirely through the generosity of Freemasons and their families, the Masonic Charitable Foundation is one of the largest grant-making charities in the country.


How the Foundation helps Masonic families

 A wide range of help and support is available for Freemasons, their wives, partners, widows, children and grandchildren. Most of the support provided takes the form of financial grants to assist with financial, health or family related needs.


  • Daily living costs
  • Grants following an accident, redundancy or personal crisis
  • Funeral bills
  • Minor home repairs


  • Medical treatment
  • Dental treatment
  • Mobility aids and home adaptations
  • Counselling

Family – Children in full-time education

  • Costs for education or training
  • Scholarships, travel grants and student accommodation
  • Supporting exceptional talent in sport, music or the performing arts

Family – Care

  • Masonic care homes – including nursing, residential and dementia care
  • Respite care
  • UK holidays

Practical assistance

The Foundation’s Advice & Support Team offer confidential, impartial and practical guidance about the help we can provide. The Team can also help with applications for state and local authority benefits and can put you in touch with other organisations who can give advice on care, employment and education.

How to apply

For further information about the help and support available from the Foundation, please call their dedicated freephone enquiry line: 0800 035 60 90 or email help@mcf.org.uk.  You can also write to Masonic Charitable Foundation, 60 Great Queen Street, London, WC2B 5AZ

For more information about the Foundation’s grants and the application process, please visit: www.mcf.org.uk


How the Foundation helps communities

In addition to the support provided to Freemasons and their families, the Masonic Charitable Foundation looks beyond Freemasonry, making significant financial grants to charities that help people to live happy, fulfilled lives and to participate actively in society.

The charities supported make a significant and lasting difference to people in need.  We aim to benefit as many people as possible and further those causes about which Freemasons and their families have told us they are most passionate.

To find out more about the Foundation’s Community Support and Research grants, please visit: www.mcf.org.uk/community


Keep up to date with the Foundation’s work

Website:          www.mcf.org.uk

Twitter:            @Masonic_Charity

Facebook:       @themcf

YouTube:        Masonic Charitable Foundation

Print | Sitemap
© Masonic Province of West Wales